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[BULWER, John] J. B. Sirnamed the Chirosopher.
Pathomyotomia Or a Dissection Of the significative Muscles of the Affections of the Minde.

Being an Essay to a new Method of observing the most Important movings of the Muscles of the Head, as they are the neerest and Immediate Organs of the Voluntarie or Impetuous motions of the Mind. With the Proposall of a new Nomenclature of the Muscles.

pp. (xxxvi), 240. Later sheepskin, a couple of wear patches to the edges of the spine, one also to the fore-edge of the rear board, a tiny dent to the fore-edge margin of a few text leaves, overall a very nice copy, with the book label of JOHN FARQUHAR FULTON [with a 'withdrawn' stamp], inscription on the front free end-paper - 'To the President of the British Neurological Society Macdonald Critchley from the President of the American Neurological Associat. Hans H. Reese ..... February 21st. 1953'.

*This is the least common of Bulwer's several publications, mostly concerned with the teaching of the deaf-mute. SEE ROBERT RUBEN Hear, Hear ! Six Centuries of Otology, 2002, #80 - referring to Philocophus: or the deafe and dumbe mans friend. London: Humphrey Mosely, 1648. SEE - ESTC R8806 - WING B5468 - NORMAN #371 [Norman sale 1998, part II, #340]. SEE also - STEVENSON & GUTHRIE A History of Oto-Laryngology, page 74 - 'The first in Britain to devote his attention to the subject [education of the deaf] was John Bulwer. Of his life little is known, but his memory survives in a number of quaint works, now rare and highly prized by collectors......'. SEE also - NEIL WEIR Otolaryngology an Illustrated History, pages 90, 98 - 'The Spanish Method did not emphasize the full advantages of speechreading and it is to the credit of John Bulwer (1614-1684), the English physician and linguist, that speechreading was recognized as an important prerequisite for a successful oral education.' Most historian and commentators have concentrated upon Bulwer's pioneering work in the education of the deaf-mutes; the above work, scarcer than his works on signing though clearly interconnected, has been largely overlooked. Even PAUL EKMAN in his analytical reprint of Darwin's Expression of the Emotions of Man and Animals, discusses Duchenne's earlier monograph extensively but makes no mention of Bulwer. In his time, Darwin was the only investigator to consider the question - WHY do expressions occur in a particular form ? His proposition that the nervous system had a direct action on emotions was indeed vague and he admitted it, but it was an unexplored topic. Bulwer however discusses just this - 'Yet we allow not the Heart to be the chiefe original and seat of the Affections, which are (indeed) originally from the Head; for although in asmuch as they concern the Body, their chief seat is in the Heart, because that is chiefly alterd by them, yet forasmuch as they affect the mind also, it is onely in the Brain, because the mind can immediately suffer from this onely. And hence it follows that the Head and Face doe so manifestly by signes (exhibited by the operation of certaine Muscles) expresse the affections of the mind.' Darwin's objective in his study of the emotions was to show that both animals and humans shared structures whose operation manifested a common base and that humans were not a divinely created species. Bulwer was concerned with demonstrating that the actions of the facial muscles were a form of communication. A curious aside - Darwin was distantly related to Sir Edward Bulwer through Erasmus Earle. It would be rather nice to show that he had a familial connection with John Bulwer ! More work is needed .............

Printed by W. W. for Humphrey Moseley, and are to be sold at his Shop at the Princes Armes in St. Pauls Church-yard. London.

Date Published: 1649. First edition. 12mo.

Stock No. 61937

Price: 3,600.00