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BULL, Ole B[ornemann].
Two portfolios - SIZE : c. 48 x 37 cms. each - OPHTHALMOLOGY and OTOLOGY.

OPHTHALMOLOGY comprises one blank sheet, one sheet PREFACE, one sheet INDEX and 54 sheets of 132 listed watercolour drawings all extensively annotated in English in manuscript [no.113 has a numbered space but is omitted from the list and was never started]. Both Preface and Index are handwritten in a fine italic style, both double column. The card sheets are doubled so that the drawings are mounted within cut-out windows. The majority of the drawings measure c.9½ x 10 cms., those showing the eye in leprosy [total x16] being c.4½ x 4½ cms. All are dated, the earliest being from 1868. OTOLOGY comprises 30 sheets with 240 watercolour drawings with nos.56 and 68 absent though listed in the Index. They measure c.2 x 2 cms. These are not dated but are all annotated in English. Each sheet has a drawn double-line border with a celtic knot pattern at the corners.

Contained with cloth portfolios in excellent condition except for the ties, only one of which is intact.

*BULL, Ole Bornemann (1842-1916) private Docent in ophthalmology at Christiania [Oslo], not to be confused with OLE BORNEMANN BULL (1810-1880), violinist and composer. He was co-author with G. A. HANSEN of The leprous diseases of the eye : with six colored plates, 1873; The ophthalmoscope and lues, 1884; Perimetrie ... Mit 174 Figuren, 1895; The Application of Hydrochloric Acid in Affections of the Bony Walls of the Tympanic Cavity, 1899; Klinische Studien über die Krankheiten der Retinalgefässe ... Mit 41 Sehfeldschemata und 30 Tafeln, 1904. Gerhard Hansen [1841-1912], Bull's co-author in the first title above, was the discoverer of the leprosy bacillus, and reported his research in 1874, one year after this work on leprous eyes. The portfolio offered here contains 2 sheets of 16 watercolours depicting the eyes in leprosy. These were created in Bergen, July 1871 and possibly used in the later published work with Hansen. [see University of Oslo Library catalogue, #MARMOR The Ophthalmic Trials of G. H. A. Hansen, 2002. 'It is less well known that his career was threatened by an episode involving experimentation on the eye. As a staff physician at the leprosy hospitals of Bergen, Norway, early in his career, Hansen learned about ocular involvement in leprosy and co-authored Leprous Diseases and the Eye . In 1873 he observed bacilli in leprous nodules, but proof of an infectious origin was difficult to obtain because the agent could not be cultured and no one had demonstrated direct transmission. Hansen tried several unsuccessful experiments, and in 1879 he passed a cataract knife that had incised an active leprous nodule into a woman's conjunctiva. No nodule developed, but the woman complained of pain and said she was never asked for permission. Hansen was brought to trial where eminent physicians testified on his behalf—but Hansen himself readily admitted that no permission had been sought for fear the woman would say no. He was convicted, and relieved of his post as staff physician, but he was allowed to retain an appointment as Chief Medical Officer of Health for Leprosy, in which capacity he worked for the rest of his life.' ]. Bull was born in Arendal, the son of priest August Theodor Bull (1809–1882) and Theodora Regina Madsen (1816–1852). He enrolled as a student in 1859 and graduated with the degree in 1869. He spent the years 1872 to 1876 in Minneapolis, USA. In 1878 he obtained a position at the Rikshospitalet and also started a research career. He took the degree in 1881, and was a research fellow of ophthalmology from 1882 to 1885 winning the Crown Prince Gold Medal in 1893 for one of his works. From the above PREFACE : 'The present collection has been compiled during the last 36 years. The wish for acquiring dexterity in the use of the ophthalmoscope and otoscope gave me the first impetus to draw. Later on, when I had practised for some time as an oculist and aurist, I became aware that to draw was in itself an excellent means to learn to observe minutely, and drawings better than anything else would permit me to follow up the pathological changes the affected parts may undergo in the lapse of time.' Bull continues with a detailed account of his techniques for examination, finishing with this statement : '.......... I wish to state that I have made my utmost to copy nature in its details. Kristiania, March 1904. Dr. med. Ole B. Bull.' It is most unlikely that there is another copy of this amazing compilation of painstaking clinical and artistic work of 369 annotated watercolours.

Date Published:

Stock No. 61734

Price: £18,000.00