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CLOQUET, Jules [Germain].
Recherches sur les Causes et l'Anatomie des Hernies Abdominales; Thèse Soutenue Publiquement Dans l'amphithéâtre de la Faculté de Médecine de Paris, le avril 1819, en présence des Juges du Concours pour la place de Chef des travaux anatomiques dans la même Faculté.

pp. iv, 74, 176. 10 lithographed plates. Un-numbered Dedication leaf to Dumeril inserted between the first two leaves of the prelims. Original drab brown coated wrappers, uncut, some browning of the paper, a few early leaves dog-eared, book-plate of the J. W. Clark Museum of Zoology, Cambridge, a couple of later Cambridge stamps and call numbers on the title, an unsophisticated copy.

*GARRISON-MORTON #3585, the enlarged re-issue of his 1817 doctoral thesis, written in application for the head of the anatomy section of the Medical Faculty in Paris. The four plates for the earlier thesis were engraved by Cloquet's father J. B. A. Cloquet, artist, art teacher and engraver. The plates for this work were all drawn on stone by Cloquet himself and are among the earliest lithographed medical illustrations. The young Cloquet had been apprenticed to his father as an engraver; he subsequently worked as a wax-modeller in the Paris medical faculty, and from there moved to medicine. Lithography was first used in Paris in 1815, in the newly established work-shop of Charles Philibert. A second works, under Gottfried Engelmann, was set up in 1816, and by 1821, when Cloquet issued volume one of his great anatomy atlas, there were several lithographic workshops in Paris. Cloquet's illustrations were in accord with the high romantic view of anatomical drawing of the period. [See ROBERTS & TOMLINSON The Fabric of the Body, pp.534 et seq.]. Comparison of other copies of this work reveal that he altered the images during production - there are differences in detail of structure and numbering and lettering in at least three of the plates [nos. III, VI & VIII]. The first part of the work - De la Squeletopée - describes the preparation of a human skeleton for teaching purposes, from cadaver to the mounted specimen. The following, main portion, was based upon the results of over 500 cases of hernia in which Cloquet was personally involved, 200 anatomical preparations that he presented to the Faculty and over 600 drawings '..d'aprés nature' that he had made [See the Avant-Propos to the above and HEIRS OF HIPPOCRATES #859, which, incidentally only gives pp. 72 for the first part of the work, presumably lacking the Table, a single leaf 'k' - the copy offered above appears to be unusually complete, since the dedication leaf is also not always present].

Mequignon-Marvis. Paris.

Date Published: 1819. First edition thus. 4to.

Stock No. 56913

Price: £800.00